In 2021, IHS puts resilience in the centre of its annual theme. Resilience has become a key feature of policy making. To make a society more resilient requires diversification of resources and logistics, but also different points of view (diversity). Another feature is the ability to grasp the increasingly complex fabric of social relationships and path-dependencies that our society is constituted upon, and to comprehend its abstract expressions in terms of economic and scientific literacies. Where do we stand in terms of diversity and literacy? Are our current achievements sufficient to build a more resilient society? Which policies are need to increase resilience? To what extent are diversity and literacy complements for achieving resilience?