Talk: Toni Whited - Will Central Bank Digital Currency Disintermediate Banks?

Professor Toni Whited presents her paper on Central Bank Digital Currency and Banks at the Institute of Advanced Studies (IHS). Please register by mail to participate:

We estimate a dynamic banking model to quantify the impact of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) on banks. Our counterfactuals show that a one-dollar introduction of CBDC replaces bank deposits by 80 cents on the margin. Lending falls by 25% of the drop in deposits because banks partially replace lost deposits with wholesale funding. This substitution raises banks’ interest-rate risk exposure, lowering their resilience to negative equity shocks. If CBDC bears interest or is intermediated through banks, it captures a greater deposit market share, amplifying the impact on lending. CBDC especially affects small banks, which face expensive wholesale funding.

Toni Whited is the Frederick G L Huetwell Professor and Professor of Economics at the University of Michigan. She received her B.A. in economics and French, summa cum laude, from the University of Oregon in 1984 and her Ph.D. in economics from Princeton in 1990, working with Ben Bernanke. Professor Whited taught in a wide variety of areas in finance, macroeconomics, and econometrics at the undergraduate, MBA, and doctoral levels. She has published over 40 articles in top-tier economics and finance journals. Her research covers topics such as the effects of financial frictions on corporate investment, econometric solutions for measurement error, corporate cash policy, structural estimation of dynamic models, monetary policy, and corporate diversification. She has won a Jensen Prize for one of the top articles in corporate finance in the Journal of Financial Economics and twice won a Brattle Prize for one of the top articles in the Journal of Finance in corporate finance. She is the past-president of the Western Finance Association, and she serves as editor-in-chief for the Journal of Financial Economics