Electromobility is often seen as the solution to combining an individual transportation system with ecologically sustainable development. However, DEFINE will be defined broader, analysing an anticipated change in the mobility paradigm from a fossil fuel-based individual transportation system to one relying on electromobility, public transport and in-between solution.
Thus, DEFINE aims at:
Estimating and assessing the full economic costs associated with a higher share of electric mobility, taking account of the impact on electricity grids, the provision of electric energy and environmental externalities such as GHGs.
The development of an evaluation framework, with a hybrid CGE model and two electricity market models as its core, to meet this end. Models are constructed in a way that allows for mutual inputs between the models (not necessarily a soft link), where results of the one model e.g. enter the other as exogenous (e.g. scenario) parameters.
Comparable scenarios are simulated in the various models, with different foci and outcomes. Evaluation Framework for Austria and Germany is extended to Poland.
Integrated, comparative studies on the impact of a large-scale shift to electromobility for Austria, Germany and Poland are the result.
The environmental impacts (costs and benefits) are quantified according to the outcomes of the modelling framework.
Policy briefs by various partners and a policy guide (The “Path to Electromobility”) are published at the end of the project.