Completed Projects


Graduates – Main instance for the knowledge transfer of universities. Section 11.3 of the University Report 2020

Original Title: Absolventinnen und Absolventen – Hauptinstanz für den Transfer universitären Wissens. Abschnitt 11.3 des Universitätsberichts 2020

Project Team: David Binder

Project Commissioner:  BMBWF

Project Duration: 2020

Project Information:

The University Report is published by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research to inform the National Council of recent developments at the Austrian public universities. In the section “Graduates – Main instance for the knowledge transfer of universities”, we discuss the development of the qualification level of the Austrian population as well as current literature and statistics on the situation of graduates on the labor market. Furthermore, we address phenomena such as skills mismatch, migration behaviors of graduates, and the possible effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. Another focal point is the transition from universities to the labor market.


Labour Market Relevance and Outcomes of Higher Education

Project Team: Martin Unger

Project Duration: 2020

Project Information:

The LMRO Project aims to help governments and higher education institutions (HEIs) enhance the employment outcomes of graduates by better aligning higher education provision and labour markets. Austria, Hungary, Portugal and Slovenia are participating in a European Commission-supported LMRO Partnership Initiative. The project features country-specific analyses, a self-reflection questionnaire by HEIs, and peer learning activities within and among countries. The first of three International Policy and Practice Seminars examined labour market information for learners and HEIs. Working Papers on topics of common interest also inform the project, including the use of labour market information by learners; the emergence of “alternative credentials”; and the use of "big data" to understand the graduate skills sought by employers. Norway, Mexico, and four US states previously participated in the LMRO project.

IHS wrote the LMRO background report for Austria.

For further information, please visit the project website.


Evaluation of the admission procedure according to § 71b, § 71c, § 71d, UG 2002

Original Title: Evaluierung der Zugangsregelungen nach § 71b, § 71c, § 71d, UG 2002

Project Team: Nora Haag, Bianca Thaler, Martin Unger, Patrick Mathä, Stefan Humpl (3s), Alexandra Stieger (3s)

Project Commissioner:  Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF)

Project in Cooperation with: 3s research laboratory

Project Duration: 2019 - 2020

Project Information:

The evaluation covers the admission regulations of very popular bachelor and diploma degree programs, degree programs subject to the German numerus clausus as well as very popular bachelor and diploma degree programs at individual universities. The main research questions address the development of the number of study beginners with regard to sociodemographic characteristics as well as applicants, who have (voluntarily) dropped out of the admission procedure before the entrance exam. Several data sources are used: administrative data of the ministry of science, “UStat1”-data of the federal statistical office, data of the universities, and data from two surveys among the applicants.

Project report in the IHS Repository (pdf in German)


Evaluation of the study entry and orientation phase (StEOP)

Original Title: Evaluierung der Studieneingangs- und Orientierungsphase (StEOP) nach § 66

Project Team: Anna Dibiasi, Martin Unger, Stefan Humpl (3s), Kerstin Scherz (3s), Judith Fischer (3s),

Project Commissioner:  Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF)

Project Leader: 3s research laboratory

Project Duration: 2019 - 2020

Project Information:

The evaluation covers the admission regulations of very popular bachelor and diploma degree programs, degree programs subject to the German numerus clausus as well as very popular bachelor and diploma degree programs at individual universities. The main research questions address the development of the number of study beginners with regard to sociodemographic characteristics as well as applicants, who have (voluntarily) dropped out of the admission procedure before the entrance exam. Several data sources are used: administrative data of the ministry of science, “UStat1”-data of the federal statistical office, data of the universities, and data from two surveys among the applicants.


Evaluation of previous career programmes at the Danube University Krems

Original Title: Gesamtevaluierung bisheriger Karriereförderungsprogramme der Universität für Weiterbildung Krems

Project Team: Angela Wroblewski, Victoria Englmaier

Project Commissioner:  Danube University Krems

Project in Cooperation with: Birgit Buchinger, Solution Sozialforschung und Entwicklung

Project Duration: 2020

Project Information (available only in German):

Die Donau-Universität Krems setzt ein Bündel an Maßnahmen zur Erreichung der in ihrer Leistungsvereinbarung festgeschriebenen Gleichstellungszielsetzung um. Dazu zählen konkret das Karriere-Coaching-Programm, das Mentoring-Programm und das WiedereinsteigerInnen-Programm. Diese drei Angebote sollen hinsichtlich ihrer Umsetzung, Wirkungsweise und Zielerreichung einer Evaluierung unterzogen werden.

Project report in the IHS Repository (pdf in German)


Factors influencing the development of student numbers. Started and active studies at public universities

Original Title: Einflussfaktoren auf die Entwicklung der Studierendenzahlen. Begonnene und prüfungsaktive Studien an öffentlichen Universitäten

Project Team: David Binder, Martin Unger, Sarah Zaussinger

Project Commissioner: Österreichische Universitätenkonferenz (uniko)

Project Duration: 2019 - 2020

Project Information:

Until 2016/17, the number of studies at Austrian public universities increased for many years. Since then, this trend reversed as the number of new students decreased noticeably. The aim of this study is to identify possible factors influencing the development of student numbers. We use different data sources to estimate the influence of a selection of factors on the number of commenced and active studies at public universities in recent years, namely demographic development, the rate of high school graduation, the probability of starting an academic study after graduating from high school, multiple enrollment, admission procedures, the expansion of other higher education sectors, Austrian students abroad, and business cycles.


EUROGRADUATE Pilot Survey

Project Team: Martin Unger, Robert Jühlke, Philipp Droll, Johanna Dau, Angelika Grabher-Wusche, Sigrid Maurer

Project Duration: 2018-2019

Commissioner: European Commission

Project Information:

The EUROGRADUATE Pilot Survey, as a follow-up of the EUROGRADUATE Feasibility Study, aims to provide the European Commission and the countries with sound evidence allowing a well-informed decision if a European wide graduate survey should be conducted periodically. Thus the project intends to provide clear and concrete guidelines for how such a full study can provide data of the highest attainable quality which is comparable across all EU countries, and answers the most urgent policy questions posed by stakeholders at national and European level. Moreover, this pilot survey produces high quality data for the participating countries, within the limits set by the pilot study, which has a policy value in its own right.

The pilot survey took place in fall 2018 in 6 pilot countries (one of them Austria). The survey targets graduates one and five years after graduation order to cover their short- and mid-term development. The core topics covered by the EUROGRADUATE Pilot Survey are: labour market relevance, skills, (international) mobility and democratic values.

The pilot project is carried out by the EUROGRADUATE consortium: Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (Maastricht), German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (Hanover), Institute for Advanced Studies (Vienna), DESAN Research Solutions (Amsterdam), cApStAn (Brussels/ Philadelphia), GESIS Leibnitz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Cologne).

HER at IHS is one of the three leading partners in the consortium and is responsible for conducting the survey in the pilot countries in close collaboration with national research partners.

For further information, please visit the project website: www.eurograduate.eu


Monitoring of the admission processes (2015/16 - 2018/19)

Original title: Monitoring der Aufnahmeverfahren (2015/16 - 2018/19)

Project Team: Bianca Thaler, Nora Haag, Patrick Mathä

Project Duration: 2016 - 2019

Project Commissioner: Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF)

Project Information:

This monitoring covers the admission regulations of very popular bachelor and diploma degree programs (architecture, biology, computer science, pharmacy, business administration/economics, communication studies), as well as degree programs subject to the German numerus clausus (medicine, psychology, veterinary medicine). The main research questions address the development of the number of study beginners with regard to sociodemographic characteristics and changes in sociodemographic composition of applicants in the stages of admission procedures. Several data sources are used: administrative data of the ministry of science, “UStat1”-data of the federal statistical office, data of the universities, and data from a survey among applicants.


Veterinary Care in Austria

Original title: Veterinärmedizinische Versorgung in Österreich

Project Team: David Binder, Martin Unger, Berta Terzieva, Nora Haag, Patrick Mathä, Judith Engleder

Project Duration: 2018 - 2019

Project Commissioner: Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien, Österreichische Tierärztekammer, BMASGK

Project Information:

In this study, we discuss different developments in the education and working practice of veterinarians in Austria. We focus on the veterinarian supply in different regions of Austria; especially regarding veterinarians specialized on farm animals. We use a variety of administrative data sources, an online survey among veterinarians and qualitative interviews with veterinarians and other stakeholders, to provide insights into the status quo and future developments of the supply of veterinarians in Austria, the education at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna and transformations in the occupational profile.

Project report in the IHS Repository (pdf in German)


Graduate Impact Survey (GIS) 2018

Project Team: Martin Unger, Berta Terzieva, Judith Engleder

Consortium: Gustav-Stresemann-Institut (GSI), MOSAIC by Patricia Morales Sanchez, Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS), wilhelm innovative medien (wiminno)

Project Duration: 2017 - 2019

Project Commissioner: Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture, European Commission

Project Information:

The Graduate Impact Survey (GIS) 2018 is conducted among students and alumni of the Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD) programme to determine the long-term impacts of participating in these programmes on career development and personal growth. Compared to previous survey rounds, GIS 2018 provides more evaluations by regions of origin and fields of study. Together with the analysis by cohorts and the different perceptions and expectations of current and former students, these empirical analyses contribute to the long-term quality assurance of EMJMD programmes.

EMA Website: www.em-a.eu

Project report


Career Pathways of Women in Higher Education Management

Original Title: Frauenkarrieren im Hochschulmanagement

Project Team: Angela Wroblewski

Project Duration: 2016 - 2018

Commissioner: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW)

Project Information (available only in German):

In Österreich ist es innerhalb von nur einigen Jahren gelungen, den Frauenanteil im Universitätsmanagement deutlich zu erhöhen. Im Rahmen des Projekt werden drei Fragen adressiert: Es stellt sich nun einerseits die Frage, ob und inwiefern mit der Erhöhung des Frauenanteils im Universitätsmanagement strukturelle Effekte im Hinblick auf Gleichstellung einhergingen. Kam es tatsächlich zu mehr Gleichstellung an Universitäten? Haben sich infolge der stärkeren Präsenz von Frauen Entscheidungsprozesse und -kriterien verändert? Zum anderen stellt sich die Frage nach den Effekten der Managementtätigkeit auf die individuelle Karriere von Frauen und Männern. Welcher Stellenwert kommt der Tätigkeit im Rektorat für die weitere Karriere von Frauen und Männern zu? Welche Motivation und Karriereplanung liegt der Entscheidung für die Übernahme der Managementfunktion zugrunde? Ist damit ein dauerhafter Wechsel ins Hochschulmanagement intendiert oder ist eine Rückkehr in die Wissenschaft geplant? Im Zusammenhang mit der Frage nach den Effekten auf individueller Ebene stellt sich auch die Frage nach spezifischem Unterstützungsbedarf und erforderlichen Begleitmaßnahmen, um zu verhindern, dass eine angestrebte Karriere im Hochschulmanagement bzw. eine angestrebte Rückkehr in die Wissenschaft nicht realisiert werden kann. Es wird daher drittens der Frage nachgegangen, welche internationale Good Practice-Maßnahmen zur Erhöhung des Frauenanteils in Spitzenpositionen im Hochschulmanagement identifiziert werden können und an welchem Modell von Hochschulmanagementkarriere sich diese orientieren.


EUROSTUDENT VI

Project Team: Angelika Grabher-Wusche, Martin Unger, Iris Schwarzenbacher, Daiga Kuzmane, Berta Terzieva, Andra Precup

Project Duration: 2016 - 2018

Project Funding: with the support of all participating countries, co-funded by the Erasmus+ programme of the EU and six international partners

Project Information: The main aim of the project is to collate comparable data on the social dimension of European higher education. It focuses on the socio-economic background and on the living conditions of students. In the current round 28 countries are participating in the project. HER is responsible for the questionnaire, data quality and data presentation.

Project Website: www.eurostudent.eu


best2: Studying with Impairments [in Germany]

Original Title: best2: beeinträchtigt studieren [in Deutschland]

Project Team: Sarah Zaussinger, Martin Unger, Julia Brenner

Project Duration: 2015 - 2018

Project in Cooperation with: DZHW, DSW

Project Information:

best2 is the second survey on the situation of students with health-related impairments that impede their studies. The main focus lies on the difficulties and barrieres which students with impairments are confronted with.

Project Website: www.best-umfrage.de (in German)


Monitorings of graduates and students

Project Team: Bianca Thaler, Martin Unger, David Binder, Patrick Mathä

Project Commissioner: Various Higher Education Institutions

Project Information:

Using data from the Labor Market Database (AMDB), changes in labor market status, income, top economic sectors over time will be analysed.


Diverse Excellence. Case Studies of Excellent Universities

Original Title: Vielfältige Exzellenz. Fallstudien exzellenter Universitäten

Project Team: Lorenz Lassnigg, Martin Unger, David Binder, Berta Terzieva, Bianca Thaler

Project Duration: 2017

Project Information: The term "excellence" has recently become more relevant, especially in the political higher education discourse. Several states launched excellence initiatives for HEIs, which try to meet the criteria of international university rankings. This study approaches the notion of excellence in higher education research through a brief historical outline, followed by case studies of six universities regarding different aspects of excellence and their transferability to the national situation.


Data Brochure "Gender Equality in Science and Research in Austria"

Original Title: Datenbroschüre "Gleichstellung in Wissenschaft und Forschung in Österreich"

Project Team: Angela Wroblewski

Project Duration: 2017

Project Commissioner: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW)

Project Information (available only in German):

Im Zuge der Implementierung des Universitätsgesetzes 2002 bzw. dessen zentraler Steuerungsmechanismen (Leistungsvereinbarung, Wissensbilanz) wurde ein Monitoring aufgebaut, das die zentralen Indikatoren enthält, die in der Wissensbilanz zum Nachweis der Zielerreichung herangezogen werden. Die für Fragen der Gleichstellung relevanten Indikatoren wurden in einem eigenen Gender Monitoring zusammengefasst.

Bislang wurde das Gender Monitoring jedoch nicht für eine vergleichende Darstellung des Status Quo von Gleichstellung bzw. seiner Entwicklung zwischen Universitäten, Wissenschaftsbereichen oder zwischen dem Universitätssektor und dem FH-Sektor herangezogen. 

Ziel der Broschüre ist es, die im Gender Monitoring enthaltenen Informationen zu nutzen, um den unterschiedlichen Status Quo im Hinblick auf Gleichstellung an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen sowie Fortschritte in den letzten 10 Jahren aufzuzeigen. Dabei soll insbesondere auf die Bandbreite im Hinblick auf Gleichstellung eingegangen werden, um auch den Handlungsspielraum von Institutionen aufzuzeigen. Die Broschüre soll dazu dienen, den Gleichstellungsdiskurs anzuregen und verstärkt good practices zu diskutieren.


STEM at public universities, universities of applied sciences and the labour market. A baseline study

Original Title: MINT an öffentlichen Universitäten, Fachhochschulen sowie am Arbeitsmarkt. Eine Bestandsaufnahme

Project Team:  David Binder, Bianca Thaler, Martin Unger, Brigitte Ecker, Patrick Mathä, Sarah Zaussinger

Project Duration: 2016 - 2017

Project Commissioner: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy

Project Information: There is an ongoing discussion regarding a shortage of graduates in the so-called STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). This baseline study aims to provide an information base against which to assess the supply of graduates in STEM-related subjects and their labour market status. It includes an extensive literature review, data analysis using various data sources (National HEI Statistics, National Labour Market Statistics, Student Social Survey) as well as expert interviews.

Research report in the IHS Repository (pdf in German)


Student Social Survey 2015

Original Title: Studierenden-Sozialerhebung 2015

Project Team: Sarah Zaussinger, Martin Unger, Bianca Thaler, Anna Dibiasi, Angelika Grabher-Wusche, Berta Terzieva, Julia Litofcenko, David Binder, Julia Brenner, Sara Stjepanovic, Patrick Mathä, Andrea Kulhanek

Project Duration: 2015 - 2017

Project Commissioner: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy

Project Information: A broad based online-survey directed at students in Austria, carried out at regular intervals since the 1970s. The survey provides an overview of the study situation and living conditions of different groups of students. It covers a wide spectrum of topics relating to the social situation of students.

Project Website: www.sozialerhebung.at

Twitter: @sozialerhebung


EUROGRADUATE - Feasibility study for a European graduate study

Project Team:  Martin Unger, Angelika Grabher-Wusche

Project Duration: 2013 - 2016

Project Funding: with the support of the Lifelong Learning Programme of the European Union

Project in Cooperation with: DZHW Hannover, Education Policy Centre Charles University Prague, ESU Brussels

Project Information:

The EUROGRADUATE feasibility study investigates the establishment of a sustainable study on Europe’s higher education graduates by exploring the requirements for a European graduate study, the existing capacities for monitoring European graduates, the point of departure at national level and the options for organizing and financing a European graduate study.

The IHS is part of an international consortium which is led by the German Center for Research on Higher Education and Science Studies (DZHW; Germany, lead partner) and completed by the European Policy Centre (EPC; Czech Republic) as well as the European Students’ Union (ESU; Belgium). Within this framework, the IHS is inter alia responsible for the research on the requirements on policy and stakeholder level for a European graduate study and for the quality assurance in the project.

Project website: www.eurograduate.eu


PL4SD (Peer Learning for the Social Dimension)

Project Team: Martin Unger, Iris Schwarzenbacher, Petra Wejwar, Sarah Zaussinger, Andrea Kulhanek, Georg Fochler

Project Duration: 2012 - 2015

Project Funding: Lifelong-Learning Programm (EACEA)

Project Information:Peer Learning for the Social Dimension provided policy-makers and practitioners with resources to develop effective measures for ensuring the social dimension in higher education. The three pillars of the project were a broad database of policy measures, country reviews of the social dimension in three countries (Lithuania, Armenia, Croatia) and two international conferences (socialdimension-he.eu). PL4SD collaborated closely with bodies of the Bologna process.

Project Report in the IHS Repository (pdf)


Student mobility in the EHEA

Project Team: Angelika Grabher-Wusche, Petra Wejwar, Martin Unger, Berta Terzieva, Julia Litofcenko

Project Duration: 2013 - 2014

Project Funding: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy; a project for the international Bologna Follow-Up Group

Project Information: The project provides an in-depth look at the major factors promoting or more importantly impeding short-term stays abroad (credit mobility), as well as at the imbalanced distribution of long-term mobile students (degree mobility) in the EHEA.

Find out more:
Tables and interactive diagramms
Research report in the IHS Repository (pdf)


Dropouts ≠ Dropouts. Pathways after Leaving University

Project Team: Martin UngerBianca Thaler, Georg Fochler, Julia Litofcenko, Stephan Kratochwill

Project Duration: 2013 - 2014

Project Commissioner: Universities Austria (uniko)

Project Information: An analysis of the paths of students after dropping out of university, using data from the Labour Market Database.

Project Report in the IHS Repository (pdf in German)


best1: Studying with Impairments [in Germany]

Original Title: best1: beeinträchtigt studieren [in Deutschland]

Project Team: Martin Unger, Sarah Zaussinger, Petra Wejwar, Andrea Kulhanek

Project Duration: 2010 - 2012

Project in Cooperation with: DZHW, DSW

Project Information: A broad based online-survey directed at students in Germany, who have a disability or a long-term/chronic illness with a negative impact on their everyday life as a student.

Project website: www.best-umfrage.de (in German)


The Third Mission of universities and the Role of Higher Education in the Triangle of Education, Research and Innovation

Project Team: Lorenz Lassnigg, Jakob Hartl, Martin Unger, Iris Schwarzenbacher

Project Duration: 2012 - 2016

Project Comissioner: Stadt Wien (City of Vienna); OECD

Project in Cooperation with: Vienna University of Economics and Business (Michaela Trippl)

Project Information:

This project was conducted in two parts. First a study about the role of the Third Mission of universities was analysed conceptually and based on a case study of the region of Vienna. A main part was the analysis of the international discouses about the missions of university. As another part this conceptual analysis was augmented by an empirical qualitative study of attitudes and practices of universities located in the Vienna region. This part was commissioned by the City of Vienna.

Project Report (pdf in German)

A second part has added a critical review of the feasibility of the concept of the knowledge triangle (KT) as a basis for policy making in a broader view in the European and OECD region. The analysis provides an analytical framework and proceeds by looking at the three two-way-relationships included, and then tries to draw extrapolations towards the three-way relationship indicated by the KT. A focus is the ‘Third Mission’ of universities, that has various, and partly contradictory meanings. A basic challenge is that the concept requires a turn from the ongoing differentiation process in higher education towards (re)-integration. This part was commissioned by OECD.

Critical Review


Clinical Research in Austria

Project Team: Thomas Czypionka, Martin Unger, Angela Wroblewski, Anna Dibiasi, Markus Kraus, Andrea Leitner, Gerald Röhrling

Project Duration: 2015 - 2016

Project Comissioner: Austria Science Board (ÖWR)

Project Information:

This baseline study aims to provide an information base against which to assess the clinical research landscape (employment, funding etc.) based on the Medical Universities in Graz, Innsbruck and Vienna.


Evaluation of the Introductory and Orientation Period (STEOP) in informatics at the Vienna University of Technology

Project TeamAnna Dibiasi, Andrea Kulhanek, Marlene Altenhofer, Elisabeth Frankus

Project Duration: 2015 - 2016

Project Comissioner: Vienna University of Technology, Faculty of Informatics

Project Information:

This evaluation of the Introductory and Orientation Period (STEOP) in the study field of informatics at the Vienna University of Technology aims to identify issues (with regards to the structure, organisation or content) and areas for improvement.


Evaluation of §14h University Admission Processes

Project Team: Martin Unger, Bianca Thaler, Anna Dibiasi, Julia Litofcenko

Project Duration: 2014 - 2015

Project Comissioner: BMWFW

Project Report (in German)