Selected Projects

Austria's Competitiveness and its Determinants

Principal Investigator: Klaus Weyerstrass
Project Team: Jan Kluge, Sarah Lappöhn, Alexander Schnabl, Martin Wagner
Project Duration: Jan 2018 – Dec 2019
Funding: OeNB - Jubiläumsfonds Project No. 17686

Project Information: Austria ranks 18th (out of 137) in the most recent World Competitiveness Report. But despite of this respectable position, this observation gives rise to important research questions concerning the multifaceted or multidimensional concept of competitiveness of the Austrian economy. We investigate these issues by zooming in on several key aspects with a corresponding mix of methods. First, we analyze and decompose total factor and labor productivity using panel econometric methods, i.e. we consider the main factor shifting the production possibility frontier. Second, we perform stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to assess the distance of the Austrian economy, respectively its sectors, to the international productivity frontier; with a particular focus on identifying the determinants of inefficiencies. Third, data envelopment analysis (DEA) will be used to assess (in-)efficiencies also in broader terms in a multi-output setting that allows to include, e.g., also aspects like environmental quality, for a broader perspective. All analyses are performed for the EU member states – both with aggregate as well as sectorally and regionally disaggregated data – with a particular focus on the main trading partners and neighbors of Austria. The set of findings from these approaches allows to draw comprehensive conclusions concerning the determinants of productivity growth and (in-)efficiencies and thus identify options to increase competitiveness.

The economic effects of international organisations in Austria

Principal Investigator: Jan Kluge
Project Team: Sarah Lappöhn, Alexander Schnabl, Hannes Zenz
Project Duration: May – December 2018
Funding: Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs
Project Content: The more than 40 international organisations that have one of their permanent offices in Vienna constitute a considerable economic factor. Their overall personnel and material expenses amounted to almost 860 million euros in 2017. A large part of this expenditure has an impact on the Austrian gross value added, employment, taxes and levies. Further positive effects stem from diplomatic representations, international schools and events closely associated with the international organisations. This IHS study on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs aims at quantifying the economic effects (direct, indirect as well as consumption- and investment-induced) by means of multiregional input-output analysis.

The effects of Erasmus+ incoming participants on the Austrian economy

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Team: Jan Kluge, Sarah Lappöhn, Martin Unger, Berta Terzieva, Hannes Zenz
Project Duration: February – June 2018
Funding: Österreichischer Austauschdienst (OeAD)
Project Content: The EU programme Erasmus+ promotes the international mobility of students and teachers and equips them with enhanced learning opportunities and valuable experiences abroad. This study analyzes the economic aspects of Erasmus+. It aims at computing the economic effects that the 14,000 incoming participants executed on the Austrian economy in 2014. Their stay in Austria triggered a gross value added effect of about 12.4 million Euros; about 150 full time equivalents have been supported. These results already take into account that there were also students/teachers from Austria who left the country via Erasmus+ during the observation period (outgoing participants).

Functional Review of the National Employment Services in the Western Balkans

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members: Helmut Hofer, Sarah Lappöhn, Hannes Zenz
Project Duration: 2017-2018
Funding: The World Bank Group
Project Content: The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficiency of the national employment services of 5 countries in the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) by benchmarking their inputs, activities, and outputs. Using the methodology of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), rankings of the branch offices in terms of their efficiency were created. In order to account for economic and other differences in the catchment area of the branch offices, the results were measured against a range of control variables. Ultimately, the results provided guidance on areas of adjustment—both in terms of inputs and outputs—for each branch office.

Future local Infrastructure Demand in Austria: The economic Effects of Investments in Electromobility, Energy and Water/Sewage

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members: Jan Kluge, Hannes Zenz, Sarah Lappöhn, Alexandra Amerstorfer, Stephanie Haslinger, Stefan Heidler, Johannes Laber and Ulrich Tschiesche
Project Duration: 2016-2018
Funding: Federal Ministry for Digital, Business and Enterprise, Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism and Österreichischer Gemeindebund.
Project Content: The research group (jointly with Kommunalkredit Public Consulting) has investigated the local infrastructure demand until 2030 and analyzed the corresponding economic effects on gross value added, employment and taxes along the entire value chain. To this end, the group made use of its multiregional input-output model.

The importance of the industrial sector for the Austrian economy

Principal Investigator: Sarah Lappöhn
Project Team: Jan Kluge, Alexander Schnabl, Hannes Zenz
Project Duration: March – November 2018
Funding: B&C Industrieholding
Project Content: On behalf of B&C Industrieholding, the research group investigated the economic footprint of the client's three core investments (AMAG, Lenzing and Semperit) by using an input-output analysis. In addition to direct economic effects, the study also examines indirect and induced economic effects of the three industrial companies on value added, employment and tax revenue and shows the interlinkages with other sectors of the economy.

Economic Effects for Austria of a relocation of the European Banking Authority (EBA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to Vienna

Principal Investigator:Alexander Schnabl
Project Team:Jan Kluge, Sarah Lappöhn,Hannes Zenz
Project Duration: April 2017 - May 2017
Funding: Federal Ministry of Finance.
Project Content: Austria applied to host the two agencies EMA and EBA in Vienna. The objective of the study on behalf of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Finance was the quantification of economic effects of EMA’s and EBA’s possible relocation to Vienna. The analysis focused primarily on the profitability for the Viennese and Austrian economy in terms of employment, value added and taxes, which might have been caused by operating expenditures, through highly qualified employees (paid by EU-funds) and visitors, if the European Commission had chosen Vienna as the new host of the two agencies.

Economic Effects of the Austrian Wine Industry

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members: Sarah Lappöhn, Alina Pohl
Project Duration: 2016
Funding: Österreich Wein Marketing GmbH
Project Content: The Austrian wine industry was not to be underestimated for the Austrian economy. The purchase and supply structures of the wine industry are very diverse. Considering Austrian wine tourism, events and training it is to be assumed that it creates an important contribution to the Austrian economy in terms of value added, employment and tax revenues.

Economic Effects of the Eurovision Song Contest Vienna 2015 for Vienna and Austria

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members:Sarah Lappöhn, Alina Pohl
Project Duration: 2015
Funding: Kobza Media GmbH
Project Content: The Euro Vision Song Contest 2015 Vienna in May 2015 in the Wiener Stadthalle had a significant economic benefit for Vienna and Austria in addition to the cultural and entertaining value. Not only directly involved artists and companies benefited from this event, but also their intermediate suppliers from different economic sectors. The study analyzed the economic effects for Vienna and Austria.

Economic Factor Church – The Contributions of the Catholic Church for the Community in Austria and their Economic Effects

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members: Sarah Lappöhn, Alina Pohl, Bianca Brandl, Thomas Czypionka, Brigitte Ecker, Frank Kronemann, Gerald Röhrling
Project Duration: 2013-2014
Funding: Financial Chamber Directors of the Dioceses of the Roman Catholic Church in Austria, Superior Conference Austria
Project Content: The contributions of religious communities in Austria, especially of the Roman Catholic Church, had been difficult to quantify and insufficiently underpinned with facts and figures so far. In cooperation with Joanneum Research GesmbH an objective analysis (comparison) of the Church’s services and the state subsidies as well as a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis had been carried out. Church services had been monetarily assessed according to recognized scientific methods and the Austrian church financing model analyzed and outlined. This approach should allow for more transparency as well as an objective view on church services and state funding. The study has been published in book form.

SETA - South East Transport Axis

Principal Investigator: Alexander Schnabl
Project Members IHS: Martha Ecker, Brigitte Hochmuth, Sebastian Koch, Sarah Lappöhn, Alina Pohl, Barbara Zucker
Project Duration: 2012-2014
Funding: Governments of Burgenland, NÖ, Wien
Project Content: In cooperation with several project partners, the goal of the project was the identification of possible improvements of the rail corridor between Vienna via Bratislava and Western Hungary to Zagreb respectively the northern Adriatic (SETA Corridor). Various analyzes had been carried out to implement solutions for an improved accessibility and logistical operations. Based on that, technical and economic analyzes as well as environmental effects of the expansion of existing routes had been considered.

More Information (project website SETA)

Healthcare Sector Austria – A Health Satellite Account for Austria

Principal Investigators: Thomas Czypionka, Alexander Schnabl
Project Members: Clemens Sigl, Julia-Rita Warmuth, Barbara Zucker, Brigitte Hochmuth, Julia Janke, Sarah Lappöhn, Alina Pohl
Project Duration: 2012-2014
Funding: Federal Ministry of Economics, Family and Youth (BMWFJ) and Chamber of Commerce Austria (WKÖ)
Project Content: The main objective of the study was to illustrate best the interconnections in the area of health, both in the sense of the first publicly financed healthcare market and the second healthcare market, with all sectors, in order to subsequently make statements about the economic effects of expenditures and investments in the individual subsectors. In addition, evaluations of economic and health policy decisions have been made possible. As a result, a health satellite account has been created, which can be used as a practical tool for calculating economic effects in the narrow or broader health care sector and its subsectors. The study has been published in book form.