The growing knowledge about the human genome provides the basis for the rapidly increasing number of available genetic tests.
Amongst other areas of medical and non-medical applications, such tests are more and more used in the field of predictive (or pre-symptomatic) genetic diagnosis, i.e. to use genetic tests
- to diagnose an inheritable disease which is not yet clinically manifest, and/or
- to diagnose an individual’s genetic status as potential carrier of such a disease.
Genetic counselling is to help patients and their relatives to plan their lives adequately on the basis of genetic test results.
Predictive genetic testing is connected to a number of ethical, legal and social issues, which are also addressed in genetic counselling.
Against this background the project that compares Austria, Germany and Japan has the following goals:
- to examine the political framework for genetic counselling.
- to analyse genetic counselling in clinical practice.
- to formulate suggestions to develop genetic counselling.
- to use the Neo-Socratic Dialogue as a trans-disciplinary tool for dialogue and problem solving.